The first upheaval took place in … 3. (1) The term ‘liberalism’ derives from the Latin root ‘Liter’ meaning free. How had the Balkan region become the most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after1871? Common national currency facilitated the movement, exchange of goods and capital from one region to another. – 5- Democratic Rights- Extra Questions and Notes, Ch. (5) In Germany, ‘Germania’ became the allegory of the nation wearing a crown of German oak leaves, as the German oak stood for heroism. What did Liberal Nationalism stand for ? (1) (i) The artists in France, in 1850, personified the nation. 7.Otto Von Bismarck was the architect of ‘German unification’. (2) On 4 June at 2 P.M., a large crowd of weavers emerged from their homes and marched in pairs up to the mansion of the contractor. The Prussian king, William I, was proclaimed German Emperor in a ceremony held at Versailles in January 1871. (5) The Habsburg Empire that ruled over Austria-Hungary was a patchwork of many different regions and people which included the Alpine regions — the Tyrol Austria and the Sudetenland as well as Bohemia where the aristocracy was predominantly German-speaking. Each of these possessed its own currency, and weights and measures. Answer: One of the major issues taken up by the liberal-nationalists was freedom of the press. Rise of nationalism in Europe. (1) By the last quarter of the nineteenth century, nationalism no longer retained its idealistic liberal democratic sentiment of the first half of the century but became a narrow crew with limited ends. (5) The year 1848 was such a year. This Act enabled England to impose its influence on Scotland and in 1707 brought Scotland in the United Kingdom. Q.17. (2) Nationalism aligned with imperialism led Europe to disaster in 1914. (5) Bismarck followed the policy of ‘Blood and Iron’ for German unification, while Cavour used his excellent diplomatic skills in Italian unification. The statement that “When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches a cold” can be explained in the following manner: In 1845, weavers of Silesia had led a revolt of against contractors who supplied the raw materials. In January 1871, the Prussian King Kaiser William I was proclaimed the German Emperor. Following were the measures and practices introduced by French revolutionaries to create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people : (1) The idea of /a patria (the fatherland) and le citizen (the citizen) emphasized the notion of a united community enjoying equal rights under a Constitution. Here we present The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Important Questions and Answers Pdf Social Science History Chapter 1, We have collected all the important questions which came in the previous year exams. (i) The Bourbon dynasty which had been deposed durum French Revolution was restored to power. (2) Chief Minister Cavour through a tactful diplomatic alliance with France engineered a “feat of Austria by Sardinia-Piedmont in 1859. Or `. (6) They tried to change the cultural element into nationalist symbols. Rise Of Radical Nationalism. There were imperial caricatures lampooning nationalists as well as nationalist cartoons criticising imperial rule. So it was the liberal, educated middle-class which encouraged national unity after aristocratic privileges were abolished. He took the help of the Prussian army and bureaucracy over a period of seven years, fought three wars with Austria, Denmark and France and emerged victoriously. (5) In 1861, Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed the king of United Italy. (5) This powerful aristocracy was numerically a small group and the majority of the population was made up of the peasantry. 1. In European countries, in the year 1848, a revolution led by the educated middle dames was underway. It had been developing over a long period of time in Europe. (2) The July Revolution sparked an uprising in Brussels which led to Belgium breaking away from the United Kingdom of Netherlands. Its Chief Minister Bismarck was the architect of this process. 4. they wanted to make government by consent. (ii) France lost the territories it had annexed under Napoleon. (5) Because of modern and efficient bureaucracy, a dynamic economy the abolition of feudalism and serfdom could strengthen the autocratic monarchies of Europe. Analyze the measures and practices introduced by the French revolutionaries to create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people. (2) They owned estates both in the rural and town areas. privileges, a Constitution and representative government through parliament. The idea of nationalism grew stronger among these were the educated, liberal middle class groups. (5) Abolition of aristocratic privileges and social and political equations gained popularity Freedom for the individual was also supported. Liberal nationalists were those new middle classes who followed liberal ideology and spread liberalism all over Europe. These people belonged to the educated middle-class elite; like professors, school teachers, clerks and members of the commercial middle classes. (3) Mazzini: (i) He had sought to put together a coherent programmed for the Unitary Italian Republic. Culture played an important role in creating the idea of nation in Europe in the following ways: (1) Art and poetry, stories and music helped in shaping nationalist feeling in Europe. Question 66 : Explain any four ideas of liberal nationalists in the economic sphere. (7) Vernacular languages strengthened nationalist feelings. `Nationalism aligned with imperialism led Europe to indulge in the First World War in 1914.’ Justify the statement with any five suitable arguments. (3) These revolutions were led by the liberal-nationalists belonging to the educated middle-class elite among whom were professors, school teachers, clerks and members of commercial middle classes. (8) The French nation declared its mission to liberate the people of Europe from despotism i.e., help other people of Europe to become nations. 1. The main objective of the Treaty of Vienna was to undo most of the changes that had come about in Europe during the Napoleonic wars. Till now we have discussed that people in different parts of Europe wanted to have Liberal nationalism in their countries. % tauter…Poland and Austro-Hungarian Empire men and women of the liberal middle classes wiled their demands for constitutionalism with national unification. 2. Briefly describe the process of unification of Germany. Liberalism stood for freedom of markets. (4) The middle classes took advantage of the growing popular unrest to push their demands for the creation of a nation-state on parliamentary principles and Constitution, freedom of the press and freedom of association. (1) The members of landed aristocracy followed a common way of life. Balkans also became an area of big power rivalry. Ans. 8. Learn how your comment data is processed. How far is it correct to say that the time period from 1830 to 1848 saw hunger, hardship, revolt and revolution of the liberals? They entered the storehouse and tore to shreds the supplies of cloth. The people who belonged to the educate middle class elite among whom were the professor, school teachers, clerks and members of the commercial middle class were known as the liberal nationalists 18th and 19th-century artist’s personification of a nation in allegories: (1) Artists represented nations as a female figure which did not stand for any particular woman but gave the abstract idea of the nation a concrete form. (iii) With the outbreak of the revolutionary Wars, the French armies began to carry the idea of nationalism abroad. 1. They praised British for Englis… But, the English nation steadily grew in wealth, importance and power. `By the end of 19th-century nationalism did not retain its idealistic liberal-democratic sentiment of the first half of the century, but became a narrow creed with limited ends.’ Explain by giving a detailed account of the Balkan region which was the most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871. (2) Events of February 1848 in France had brought about the abdication of the monarch and a republic based on universal male suffrage had been proclaimed. (1) The members of landed aristocracy followed a common way of life. (2) The kingdom of Two Sicilians was ruled over by the Spanish ruler. The ideology became popular in the early 19th century.The term ‘liberalism’ is … Liberal Nationalists in the economic sphere: 1. Their effort was to create a sense of shared collective heritage, a common cultural past, as the basis of the nation. (ii) In visual representations, Germania wears a crown of oak leaves as the German oak stands for heroism. (2) He became a member of secret society of the Carbonating. Italians were scattered over several dynastic states as well as the multinational Habsburg Empire. (b) They were in demand for the creation of the unified economic territory. 3. 6.Through a focus on any two European countries, explain how nations developed over the 19th century. (4) He fought three wars for over seven years with Austria, Denmark and France. But, failure of uprising both in 1831 and 1848 meant that the mantle now tells on Sardinia-Piedmont under its ruler King Victor Emmanuel II to unify Italy. 3. Industrialization began in England, a working class and … (2) Garibaldi: He gathered a large number of armed volunteers and marched into South Italy and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilians and succeeded in winning the support of locals to drive out Spanish. During the nineteenth century, Europe faced many great obstacles to economic exchange and growth by the commercial classes due to the following reasons: The reaction of the local people in the areas conquered by Napoleon was mixed. This revolution was led by Liberal nationalists belonging to the educated middle calls elites of France. (1) It was parallel to the revolts of the poor, unemployed and starving peasants and workers. But, they were treated with scorn and threats. Class 10 Class 12. 3. they wanted equality before law. This way, England emerged as a nation-state. (5) The English parliament, which had seized power from the monarchy in 1688 at the end of a protracted conflict, was the instrument through which a nation-state with England at its centre, came to be forged. 1. (3) Italian unification was completed 10 years before Germany was united. 1.Describe the events which led to the proclamation of Victor Emmanuel II as King of unified Italy. The statement that “When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches a cold” can be explained in the following manner: (1) Most of the European countries followed them persistently. 3. (1) The issue of extending political rights to women was a controversial one within the liberal movements in which a large number of women had participated actively over the years. Describe any two dissimilarities between the process of unification of Italy and Germany. CBSE Class-10 Revision Notes and Key Points. Following were the political, social and economic ideas supported by the liberals: (1) Political ideas — The ideology of liberalism supported the ideas of national unity and abolition of aristocratic privileges. 2. 2.”It is said that Napoleon had ruined democracy.” What positive acts of Napoleon attract your attention? In this context, discuss the following: (a) Reasons why the early Congressmen were called ‘Moderates’. Explain. Explain. 4.Evaluate the contribution of Italian revolutionary- Giuseppe Mazzini in spreading revolutionary ideas in Europe. Giuseppe Mazzini was one of them. (1) There were many revolutions in Europe between 1830-48. History-The Rise of Nationalism in Europe class 10 Notes. In Italian unification, Garibaldi had won the support of local peasants to drive out the Spanish rulers. This female figure, in itself, contained the idea of people’s nation. In other words, they owned majority of land tracts. 2.”Culture played an important role in creating the idea of the nation Support the statement with suitable examples. Following were the measures and practices introduced by French revolutionaries to create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people : To undo the changes brought about in Europe during Napoleonic wars. Political dysfunction, a bankrupt and discredited liberal class, massive and growing social inequality, a grotesquely rich and tone-deaf oligarchic elite, the fragmentation of the public into warring tribes, widespread food insecurity and hunger, chronic underemployment and unemployment and misery, all exacerbated … (3) German philosopher, J.G. There was an enormous increase in population all over Europe. Garibaldi wanted to win the support of the local Italian peasant population. The Civil Code of 1804 (the Napoleonic Code) gave up all privileges based on birth, maintained equality and also established right to property. It was able to extend its influence over the other nations of the island. Answer:The Moderates and the Assertives. People belonged to different ethnic groups. (5) Uniform laws were formulated for all citizens within the French territory. (3) They spoke French. Liberalism, the end of many feudal or traditional laws and practices in French Revolution had influenced the people belonging to other parts of Europe. It also advocated for a constitutional and representative government through parliament. (4) New hymns were composed, oaths were taken and martyrs commemorated, all in the name of the nation. This helped them in their unity. Ans. (3) Prussia took over the leadership of the movement for national unification. (iv) This brought prosperity across the classes. (2) Politically liberalism’ emphasized the concept of government by consent. (2)(i) Britain, on the other hand, did not have any history of bloodshed. (5) They emphasized on vernacular languages and the collection of local folklore not just to recover an ancient national spirit, but also to carry the modern nationalist message to large audiences who were mostly illiterate. For example: (i) Italy emerged after the long drawn wars between the forces of Sardinia-Pied and those who ruled over the different parts of Italy such as Austria, Spanish, e. (ii) But, it was only through the successful diplomatic engineering of Cavour that military could attain the end result. Following were the political, social and economic ideas supported by the liberals: How did the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire make the Balkan region very explosive? (1) The workers were living in absolute poverty and misery. It emancipated the peasants and raised their self-confidence. 1. Who was christened as Marianne? English helped the Protestants to establish their dominance. They chose the female figure to represent the nation. (5) These victories completed the process of unification of Germany. 2. they wanted equality. Ans. (4) Under these circumstances in 1861, Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed King of Unit Italy. (ii) This figure was named ‘Marianne’. Explanation: pandeyakriti302 pandeyakriti302 Answer: 1. they wanted individual freedom. (4) He followed the policy of Blood-Iron to materialize nationalist aspirations. The revision notes covers all important formulas and concepts given in the chapter. ... the fear of repression drove many liberal-nationalists underground. (1) By the last quarter of the nineteenth century, nationalism no longer retained its idealistic liberal democratic sentiment of the first half of the century but became a narrow crew with limited ends. The four ideas of liberal nationalists in the economic sphere were-(i) Liberal nationalists stood for freedom of markets and the abolition of state-imposed restrictions on the movement of goods and capital. (5) The process of unification completed with Prussian Victory in 1871, when Kaiser William I was declared the head of the State. (i) The artists in France, in 1850, personified the nation. 5.Why were the European governments driven by a spirit of conservatism? How did nationalism align with imperialism to become the cause of the First World war? The first upheaval took place in France in July 1830. Dec 07, 2020 - Rise of Nationalism in Europe - MCQ, Class 10 SST Class 10 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 10. Liberal Nationalists in the economic sphere: Mention any two economic obstacles that the liberal nationalists wanted to overcome. With reference to the growth of Indian Nationalism in the early phase, name a British viceroy who was very liberal in outlook, the rise of nationalism and foundation of indian national congress, âNationalism no longer retained its idealistic liberal democratic sentiment by the last quarter of the nineteenth century in Europe.â, 'The idealistic liberal-democratic sentiment of nationalism became a narrow creed with limited ends.'. Hunger, hardship, revolt and revolution of the liberals made economic condition worst. (4) The rise of food prices or a year o” f bad harvest led to wide-spread pauperism in towns and villages. The primary identities of the people who inhabited the British Isles were ethnic ones such as English, Welsh, Scot or Irish. 1) In July 1830, the first upheaval took place in France. Ask your question. Ans. “The development of nationalism did not come only through wars. 2. But very soon, people could realize that the new administrative system of Napoleon was not going to guarantee political freedom. (7) French became the common language of the nation. Which countries wanted to control Balkans? Ans. Explain the dominance of Prussian measures and practices on Germany. The Civil Code of 1804 (the Napoleonic Code) gave up all privileges based on birth, maintained equality and also established right to property. (b) They were in demand for the creation of the unified … (1) The German unification was not supported by armed volunteers. The Early Nationalist leaders believed in moderate politics and in loyalty to the British crown. He did not believe in small states and kingdoms. 2.”In Britain, the formation of the nation-state was not the result of a sudden upheaval or revolution.” Elaborate with the help of suitable examples. The early nationalists realized that the British Government did not do anything to remove the economic backwardness of the country. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. (1) The term ‘liberalism’ derives from the Latin root ‘Liter’ meaning free. We have Provided Nationalism in India Class 10 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. Ans. It led to a widespread pauperism in European towns. 1. Who was proclaimed German Emperor in a ceremony held at Versailles in January 1871? (3) The textile industry was most affected by England’s industrialization. But, the English nation steadily grew in wealth, importance and power. SST Class 10. (iii) Apart from regular troops, a large number of armed volunteers under the leadership of Garibaldi joined the fray. Nationalist feelings were widespread among middle-class Germans, who in 1848 tried to unite the different regions of the German confederation into a nation-state governed by an elected parliament. The development of nationalism did not come about only through wars and territorial expansion. Explain with examples. (4) The Balkan states were jealous of each other and each hoped to gain more territory at the expense of other. Explain the statement “When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches a cold”. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND THE IDEA OF THE NATION. (iii) Freedom of markets and abolition of state imposed restrictions on the movement of goods and capital helped the new businessmen to expand their business. It was the result of the long-drawn-out process. (3) They were demanding higher wages. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Important Questions with Answers Social Science History Chapter 1. It was the result of the long-drawn-out process. Ans. Frédéric Sorrieu, a French artist, in 1848 prepared a series of four prints visualising his dream of a world made up of democratic and Social Republics. Ans. Q.3. (1) There were many revolutions in Europe between 1830-48. (ii)They formed the Custom Union or Zolleverin in Prussia in … (4) Ring Victor Emmanuel II: He tried to unify the Italian states through war. It abolished the feudal system. He drove out the Spanish rulers. History-The Rise of Nationalism in Europe class 10 Notes Social Science chapter 1 in PDF format for free download. 2. It abolished the feudal system. But in Italy, Mazzini formed Young Italy. What was the importance of the way in which they were portrayed? The members of this group were drawn from the educated middle class consisting of professionals like lawyers, barristers, teachers and officials, who drew inspiration from Western Liberal and Radical thoughts. (7) Regional dialects were discouraged and French, as it was spoken and written in Paris, became the common language of the nation. They considered Britishers to be just but unaware. (1) Initially, the French armies were seen as the torch-bearers of liberty. From 1885 to 1905, Congress was led by a group of leaders known as the Early Nationalists. (3) Economic ideas — There was freedom of markets and abolition of State-imposed restrictions on the movement of goods and capital. (3) Most conservatives, however, did not propose a return to the society of pre-revolutionary days they realized from the changes initiated by Napoleon that modernization could, in fact, strengthen traditional institutions like the monarchy. (2) But, it was Prussia who later headed the unification movement under the leadership of Its Chief Minister Bismarck. Mention any three important contributions by Romanticists to national movements. (2) This initiative was repressed by the combined forces of the monarchy and the army, supported by landowners of Prussia. Ans. (1) In July 1830, the first upheaval took place in France. How did nationalism develop through culture in Europe? Describe any five reforms introduced by Napoleon in the territories he conquered. 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